Supertankers or very large crude carriers (VLCC) have a dead-weight capacity of over 250,000 tons. These ships can transport up to 2,000,000 barrels of oil/318,000 metric tons.

Oil tanker (Wikipedia)
"Supertanker" redirects here. For the aerial firefighting aircraft, see Evergreen 747 Supertanker.
The commercial oil tanker AbQaiq
The commercial oil tanker AbQaiq, in ballast
Class overview
Name: Oil tanker

Handysize, Panamax, Aframax, Suezmax, Very large crude carrier (VLCC),

Ultra large crude carrier (ULCC),Ti class (ti)
Built: c. 1963–present
General characteristics
Class and type: Tank ship
Capacity: up to 550,000 DWT
Notes: Rear house, full hull, midships pipeline

An oil tanker, also known as a petroleum tanker, is a merchant ship designed for the bulk transport of oil. There are two basic types of oil tankers: crude tankers and product tankers. Crude tankers move large quantities of unrefined crude oil from its point of extraction to refineries. Product tankers, generally much smaller, are designed to move refined products from refineries to points near consuming markets.

Oil tankers are often classified by their size as well as their occupation. The size classes range from inland or coastal tankers of a few thousand metric tons of deadweight (DWT) to the mammoth ultra large crude carriers (ULCCs) of 550,000 DWT. Tankers move approximately 2,000,000,000 metric tons (2.2×109 short tons) of oil every year. Second only to pipelines in terms of efficiency, the average cost of oil transport by tanker amounts to only two or three United States cents per 1 US gallon (3.8 L).

Some specialized types of oil tankers have evolved. One of these is the naval replenishment oiler, a tanker which can fuel a moving vessel. Combination ore-bulk-oil carriers and permanently moored floating storage units are two other variations on the standard oil tanker design. Oil tankers have been involved in a number of damaging and high-profile oil spills. As a result, they are subject to stringent design and operational regulations.

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